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Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Learning the Greek Alphabet

Hello Everyone,

Here is a Youtube video I found that speaks it slowly, so you can see the letter and hear the sound pronunciation.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1FyEWbwBarQ

This is just so to help you, I think there is a couple of wrong pronunciations but I will ask Heidi to review this for me.  Good Luck with learning your alphabet.


Letter
Upper, lower
Name
Pronounced
When speaking,
sounds like
A, α
alpha
AHL-fah
ah
Β, β
vita
VEE-tah
the letter v
Γ, γ
gamma
GHAH-mah
the letter y when it comes before e, u, i; otherwise like a soft gargle gh
Δ, δ
thelta
THEL-tah
hard th as in "there"
Ε, ε
epsilon
EHP-see-lon
eh
Ζ, ζ
zita
ZEE-tah
the letter z
Η, η
ita
EE-tah
ee
Θ, θ
thita
THEE-tah
soft th as in "through"
Ι, ι
iota
YO-tah
ee
Κ, κ
kappa
KAH-pah
the letter k
Λ, λ
lamtha
LAHM-thah
the letter l
Μ, μ
mu
mee
the letter m
Ν, ν
nu
nee
the letter n
Ξ, ξ
xee
ksee
the letter x
Ο, ο
omikron
OH-mee-kron
oh
Π, π
pi
pee
the letter p
Ρ, ρ
ro
roh, roe
a rolled r
Σ, σ, ς
sigma
SEEGH-mah
the letter s
Τ, τ
tau
tahf
the letter t
Υ, υ
upsilon
EWP-see-lon
ee
Φ, φ
phi
fee
the letter f
Χ, χ
chi
hee
a light gargly ch as in "challah"
Ψ, ψ
psi
psee
ps as in "chips"
Ω, ω
omega
oh-MEH-ghah
somewhere between "awe" and "oh"
 

Common Diphthongs
ΑΥ, αυ
au
av or af
ΕΥ, ευ
eu
ev or ef
ΟΥ, ου
ou
oo
ΑΙ, αι
ai
eh

The words we learned:


kalimera = good morning - καλημέρα. Used both when coming to and going away from a place. 

kalispera = good afternoon - καλησπέρα. Used only when coming to a place or meeting someone in the evening or at night.

kalinihta = good night - καληνύχτα. Used only as a goodbye greeting in the evening or at night.


ya-ssou = hello or goodbye - γειά σου (greeting to one person or a friend)

ya-ssas = hello or goodbye - γειά σας (greeting to more persons or a more formal and polite way to greet an unknown person)

adio = goodbye - αντίο




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