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Saturday, May 11, 2013

Day 22: Southern Crete

We left Rethymnon to begin our travels from the Northern coast across the island of Crete to the Southern coast. Our first stop of the day was the Late Minoan III Cemetery of Armeni where we saw many chamber tombs. These tombs were built into the hillside with steps leading to the entrance of the tomb.
Tombs

Interior of a Tomb

Dromos

Inside a Tomb


After this, we took a shopping break in the small hillside town of Spili. This town was very picturesque and we also saw a natural water spring, from which many of us drank.

Natural Spring


View while driving across Crete

Mesara plateau with many greenhouses

Once on the Southern end of the island, we stopped at two archaeological sites, the first being the Palace of Phaistos. Using our archeological knowledge thus far, we explored many things that were characteristic to Minoan civilizations including a central courtyard, pier and door partition, a lustral basin, and magazines for storage.
Central Courtyard


Drainage System

Lustral Basin



Ancient quern

Just a minor injury

Our second site was Agios Triada. Here we learned about a megaron,  a post- Minoan and mainland Mycenaean feature, which suggests the Mycenaean occupation of Crete in 1400 B.C.
View of site

 

Agora
We arrived in Matala in the early afternoon along the southern coast. After lunch, we spent the early evening tanning on the beach, swimming in the sea, and a few brave individuals attempted cliff diving!!!


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